Publication date: 11-05-2017 15:55
A review on current advances in the energy and environmental performance of buildings towards a more sustainable built environment
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume 77, September 2017, Pages 845–860
The research underlying the paper has been framed under the Energy for Sustainability Initiative of the University of Coimbra and the Sustainable Energy Systems focus area of the MIT-Portugal Program.
The paper brings together ten research topics which cover different stages along the lifetime of buildings (from design and operation, to retrofitting and end-of-life), different scale approaches (from building elements/components, to the building, district and urban scales), and different methods to assess the energy and environmental performance of buildings (life-cycle assessment, generative design methods and retrofitting tools). Other topics are discussed such as: nearly zero-energy buildings, the control of domestic energy resources in smart grid scenarios, the need to include end-users' behaviors in the dynamics of energy demand, the advantages of improving thermal storage by using phase change materials, the importance of reducing heating and cooling energy demand (maintaining indoor thermal comfort), and the optimization of heating and cooling fluids, and their system control.
It configures one view on the research performed essentially by young scientists who are part and product of the Energy for Sustainability Initiative of the University of Coimbra and of several of its associated R&D units.