She holds a Doctorate in Biology from the University of Coimbra. Among her most recent work the following titles can be found: theoretical ecology, performance of ecological indicators and tropical network analysis. As a post-doctoral researcher, she currently works as a member of IMAR – the Sea Institute. In this field her work focuses on contributing to better political decision-making with regard to of environmental quality management of ecosytems in coastal and cross-border waters. In addition to this, since 2000 she has taught as Guest Professor giving courses in hydrobiology, application of ecological indicators and ecological quality assessment, both in Portugal and abroad. She is currenly involved in many national and international research projects, mainly in the area of the implementation of the Water Quality Directive.