He was a Professor at the University of Aveiro, where he completed his Doctorate in 2000 with a thesis entitled: História e Memória. A Restauração de 1640 [“History and Memory. The 1640 Restoration”], which was published in 2001. He has a Degree in History from the Faculty of Letters of the University of Coimbra, where he also completed his Master’s in “Cultural and Political History of the Modern Age”. He has been a member of the Centre for Languages and Cultures at the University of Aveiro since its foundation in 1998, and has collaborated with the Centre for 20th Century Interdisciplinary Studies at the University of Coimbra (CEIS20). He is a past secretary of the journal Estudos do Século XX [20th Century Studies].