focuses on the identification, transformation and use of geological raw
materials, within the framework of sustainability. In doing so it identified
fossil energy and climate and environment adaptations as its main expertise,
considering its research record and the team involved. Meeting national and
regional priorities, it addresses territorial cohesion and resources
rationalization, with a strong attention both to internationalization and
advanced research education.
promotes research that contributes for nature understanding, from a
multidisciplinary standpoint, innovating in the use of new tools, strategies
and technologies addressed to the study of hydrosphere and geosphere (fossil
energy), to technological applications to construction and metallurgy
(geotechnology), to the understanding of past human adaptations and their
recurrences (quaternary), to new approaches to sustainability (integrated
landscape management) and to education and knowledge transfer (with cognitive
and economic impacts). Papers, patents and models serve this set of general
objectives. CGeo estimates to have a greater impact in fundamental and applied
research as stated, with a significant impact on education (Postdoc, PhD and
Master levels – not only in Portugal but beyond) and on employment (the profile
of the studies offers a high potential of employability, and the major economic
activities in which CGeo is engaged – energy, construction, metallurgy,
heritage – are all growing employment sectors in the world. Studies by CGeo
will also contribute, even if as a side result, for the assessment of climatic
the 2015-2020, the following specific objectives are defined:
Sedimentary Geology and Paleontology
- Continue to deepen the knowledge on the macro and
micro fossil record of the Paleozoic and Mesozoic, including the description of
new species, namely the taxonomic studies of trilobite, graptolite, brachiopod,
acritarchs and chitinozoans assemblages and ichnofossils from the lower
Paleozoic. This study is to be conducted in Portugal, Spain, Morocco, Western
Sahara, Jordan, Ethiopia, UK and USA.
- Pursue the study of Mesozoic assemblages of
ammonites, benthic foraminifera and nannofossils, on collections from Portugal,
Spain, Jordan and Ethiopia.
- Pursue the identification of fossil dinosaur
assemblages in Portugal.
- Pursue the study of Cenozoic assemblages of
brachiopods and foraminifera, respectively in Panama isthmus and in Angola.
- Detail the knowledge already achieved concerning
the lower Paleozoic basins of the Iberian Peninsula, building a comprehensive
understanding of the Ordovician, Silurian and Devonian paleobiogeography.
- Deepen the understanding of the Lusitanian basin,
the geometry and provenance of its infills, integrating the approach to biotic
and abiotic variables with external controls.
- Assessment of microfossils assemblages in West
Africa (Benguela current).
- Identification of phitolites in quaternary lithic
Past Human adaptations
- Technologies in lithic débitage (collections
assessment and experimentation), establishing basic models of regional
adaptation to raw materials and the environment. This project will be carried
out in the Iberian Peninsula (Tagus basin), Angola, Namibia and Brazil (Santa
Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul).
- Characterization of the human adaptations processes
in betwwen MIS 9 and MIS 5.
- Selection and processing of raw materials and food
in the transition into farming, looking at contexts in southern Europe, West
and southern Africa and southern America.
- Collaboration with the Angola INPC (National
Institute for Cultural Heritage) and MNA (National Museum of Archaeology) to
further develop parallel assessments of the rock art and prehistoric settlement
patterns in Tchitundu-Hulo (Namibe), Ebo (Kwanza Sul) and Sambo (Benguela).
Applied geosciences and knowledge transfer
- Continue to collaborate with the oil industry
(Petrobras and Sonangol) on a stratigraphic approach to the hydrocarbon
potential of the Lusitanian basin. This research, in collaboration with
research groups from Lisbon, Salamanca, Zaragoza and Sergipe.
- Collaborating with the Angola INPC and MNA in
consolidating a archaeological survey of Angola.
- Geotechnical studies of wastewater treatment plant
sites and sewage pumping stations, in collaboration with the industries.
- Geotechnical analysis and characterization of
terrains, assessing conditions for urban or other uses.
- Environmental geotechnology assessments (use of
plants as bio-accumulators of metals, installation of wetlands for water
cleaning, geophysics applied to hydrogeology, biomining, assessment of
vulnerability of specific geological settings, etc.).
- Geophysical survey (groundwater resources,
archaeology, building assessment, environment assessment).
- Rock art pigments database, focusing on processes
of natural pigments prehistoric chemical manipulation, studying contexts from
the Iberian Peninsula, Ethiopia, Angola, Namibia, Tanzania and Brazil.
- Generalization of the new protocols for prehistoric
ceramics assessment, developed within CGeo and currently tested and applied in
Brazil. This will be used in Portugal, Spain, Senegal and Angola.
- Increase the efforts to promote geoparks and other
natural and cultural heritage structures (e.g. museums, interpretation
centers), namely in articulation with the National Commission of UNESCO, the
IGCP Committee in Portugal and the International Union of Prehistoric and
Protohistoric Sciences. These projects, with a strong impact in tourism and in
education, will continue and be reinforced in Portugal, Spain, Greece, Angola,
Namibia, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Brazil and Costa Rica.
- Collaborating with the Angola INPC and MNA in the
organization of the scientific dossier for the integration of the
Tchitundu-Hulo (Namibe) cultural and natural landscape in the World Heritage
- Promote Integrated Landscape Management plans,
rooted in geosciences and humanities, as discussed in Rio+20 and currently
being applied in several contexts in Brazil.
- Underwater archaeological survey applied to
contexts in Europe and southern America,
Education and Dissemination
- Develop new tools and strategies for science,
technology and society interfaces. Major collaboration will be given to the
national Commission of UNESCO and to the recently approved International Year
for Global Understanding (led by the International Geographic Union and with a
strong collaboration of CGeo).
- Collaboration with INPC and MNA to organize an
international conference on the archaeology of Angola.
- Reinforce the collaboration between the MSc and PhD
courses associated to CGeo, namely using the Erasmus Mundus label for the
- Prepare a second international congress of geology of
the Portuguese speaking countries.