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FCTUC

Project 2015/2020

Stratigraphy and Geological resources

(TL-73-1366)

CGeo has a long record in the dimension of basic knowledge regarding traditional disciplines within the Sedimentary Geology area (e.g., Paleontology, Micropaleontology, Biostratigraphy, Sedimentology, Sedimentary Petrology, Seismic Stratigraphy, Basin Analysis and Hydrocarbon Exploration) to develop and improve the knowledge on sedimentary record of Portuguese onshore and offshore basins and characterize natural resources for further application in a sustainable perspective.

Following the two components stated above, this thematic line defines as specific objectives:

  1. Integrate expertise knowledge resulting from basic research on initiatives and processes leading to add value to the natural resources, such as water, conventional and unconventional hydrocarbons and raw materials.
  2. Participate in global, regional and local initiatives regarding the qualification and valorisation of geological objects displaying heritage value.
  3. Collaborate in international projects concerning global changes, namely sea-level and climate, focused on carbon geological storage.
  4. Create expertise in post-graduation students and industry staff through specialized courses and seminars.
  5. Carry out technical consultancy as a tool to complement financial support for the development of basic research.

Envolved Groups

  • GeoTechnology
  • Quaternary and Prehistory
  • Fossil Energy and Sustainable Development

Thematic Line Structure

CGeo scope, within the thematic line of Stratigraphy and Geological Resources (SGR), addresses concerns related to improve technological solutions to a better exploration and use of the geological resources, considering geological resources in a board sense, i.e., fossil energy resources (oil and shale gas) and geological heritage resources (e.g. geoparks and other natural areas).

The issue of energy remains at the core of this thematic line. Technological innovation in the use and transformation of geological resources, including the use of fossil energy, remains as the possible key to overcome the current difficulties in all developed societies. Oil and shale gas seat in this context and need to be framed into a territorial global approach, namely within the Community of the Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP). On the other hand, current concerns related to geoconservation issues remain quite distant of many African countries, despite the richness of this continent in both cultural as well as natural heritage, which enables the implementation of community geotourism initiatives, and promotes sustainable development.

Like in the past, the SGR, and the whole CGeo, aims at increasing the cooperation within the CPLP Earth scientists: 1) by directing post-graduation projects; 2) by organizing special scientific events (e.g. the First International Conference on the Development of Geosciences in the Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries (2008) and the First International Congress on Earth Sciences at the CPLP (2012), both hold at the University of Coimbra (Portugal) and the II Conjugate Margins Conference (2010), hold in Lisbon (Portugal); 3) by reinforcing the participation of national authorities and private energy companies in ongoing research projects.

Thematic Line Objectives

  • To enlarge the palaeontological and biostratigraphical knowledge of the Lower Palaeozoic of Portugal and to develop palaeogeographic and paleoenvironmental models of the Paleozoic of the Iberian Peninsula based on trilobite, graptolite and chitinozoans fossil assemblages.
  • To enlarge the palaeontological knowledge of macrofossil (ammonoids, brachiopods) and microfossil (foraminifera, calacareous nannoplancton) record in the Lusitanian Basin during Early and Middle Jurassic and to identify biocorrelation criteria to apply in other basins.
  • To accurate biostratigraphic scales based on different fossil groups at the Bajocian GSSP and Bathonian ASP (Cabo Mondego), focussed on microfossils and nannofossils record.
  • To understand the history of the Portuguese basins, as well as the geometry and provenance of their sedimentary infill. It was intended to promote an integrated approach of the most important variables, together with the most significant external controls, that may be identified through the study of the sedimentary record, and to accurate the marine rifting and evolution model of the basins.
  • To develop stratigraphic studies on the Upper Jurassic sediments in diapiric areas in order to understand the salt tectonics episodes and their relation with the sedimentation.
  • To improve achieved stratigraphical knowledge on the Portuguese, Brazilian and Angolan basins in order to: 1) Increase accuracy on oil systems models; 2) Use oil systems elements to develop a CCS (Carbon Capture & Storage) research domain in Portugal, Brazil and Angola.
  • To enlarge and improve the postgraduate training on research in Science Education for Sustainable Development and on Hydrocarbon Geology by directing MsC and PhD projects in the Lusitanian, Porto, Peniche, Alentejo and Algarve Basins (Portugal), in the Cuanza and Namibe Basins (Angola), and the Acre Basin (Brazil).
  • To manage short courses for teachers and industry professionals, respectively, through the coordination of collaborative activities with external research groups from the University of Lisbon (Centro de Geologia), University of Salamanca, the University of Zaragoza and the University of Barcelona (Spain), the Portuguese Nucleus for Hydrocarbon Exploration of the Geological Survey of Portugal and the Universities of Sergipe and Acre (Brazil).
  • To continue the research on geological traps for Carbon Storage using the expertise developed during former hydrocarbon exploration projects.