Stratigraphy and Geological resources
has a long record in the dimension of basic knowledge regarding traditional
disciplines within the Sedimentary Geology area (e.g., Paleontology,
Micropaleontology, Biostratigraphy, Sedimentology, Sedimentary Petrology,
Seismic Stratigraphy, Basin Analysis and Hydrocarbon Exploration) to develop
and improve the knowledge on sedimentary record of Portuguese onshore and
offshore basins and characterize natural resources for further application in a
the two components stated above, this thematic line defines as specific
expertise knowledge resulting from basic research on initiatives and processes
leading to add value to the natural resources, such as water, conventional and
unconventional hydrocarbons and raw materials.
- Participate in
global, regional and local initiatives regarding the qualification and
valorisation of geological objects displaying heritage value.
- Collaborate in
international projects concerning global changes, namely sea-level and climate,
focused on carbon geological storage.
- Create expertise
in post-graduation students and industry staff through specialized courses and
- Carry out
technical consultancy as a tool to complement financial support for the
development of basic research.
- Quaternary and Prehistory
- Fossil Energy and Sustainable Development
Thematic Line Structure
scope, within the thematic line of Stratigraphy and Geological Resources (SGR),
addresses concerns related to improve technological solutions to a better
exploration and use of the geological resources, considering geological
resources in a board sense, i.e., fossil energy resources (oil and shale gas)
and geological heritage resources (e.g. geoparks and other natural areas).
issue of energy remains at the core of this thematic line. Technological
innovation in the use and transformation of geological resources, including the
use of fossil energy, remains as the possible key to overcome the current
difficulties in all developed societies. Oil and shale gas seat in this context
and need to be framed into a territorial global approach, namely within the
Community of the Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP). On the other hand,
current concerns related to geoconservation issues remain quite distant of many
African countries, despite the richness of this continent in both cultural as
well as natural heritage, which enables the implementation of community
geotourism initiatives, and promotes sustainable development.
in the past, the SGR, and the whole CGeo, aims at increasing the cooperation
within the CPLP Earth scientists: 1) by directing post-graduation projects; 2)
by organizing special scientific events (e.g. the First International
Conference on the Development of Geosciences in the Community of
Portuguese-Speaking Countries (2008) and the First International Congress on
Earth Sciences at the CPLP (2012), both hold at the University of Coimbra
(Portugal) and the II Conjugate Margins Conference (2010), hold in Lisbon
(Portugal); 3) by reinforcing the participation of national authorities and
private energy companies in ongoing research projects.
Thematic Line Objectives
- To enlarge the palaeontological and
biostratigraphical knowledge of the Lower Palaeozoic of Portugal and to develop
palaeogeographic and paleoenvironmental models of the Paleozoic of the Iberian
Peninsula based on trilobite, graptolite and chitinozoans fossil assemblages.
- To enlarge the palaeontological
knowledge of macrofossil (ammonoids, brachiopods) and microfossil
(foraminifera, calacareous nannoplancton) record in the Lusitanian Basin during
Early and Middle Jurassic and to identify biocorrelation criteria to apply in
- To accurate biostratigraphic scales
based on different fossil groups at the Bajocian GSSP and Bathonian ASP (Cabo
Mondego), focussed on microfossils and nannofossils record.
- To understand the history of the
Portuguese basins, as well as the geometry and provenance of their sedimentary
infill. It was intended to promote an integrated approach of the most important
variables, together with the most significant external controls, that may be
identified through the study of the sedimentary record, and to accurate the
marine rifting and evolution model of the basins.
- To develop stratigraphic studies on
the Upper Jurassic sediments in diapiric areas in order to understand the salt
tectonics episodes and their relation with the sedimentation.
- To improve achieved stratigraphical
knowledge on the Portuguese, Brazilian and Angolan basins in order to: 1)
Increase accuracy on oil systems models; 2) Use oil systems elements to develop
a CCS (Carbon Capture & Storage) research domain in Portugal, Brazil and
- To enlarge and improve the
postgraduate training on research in Science Education for Sustainable
Development and on Hydrocarbon Geology by directing MsC and PhD projects in the
Lusitanian, Porto, Peniche, Alentejo and Algarve Basins (Portugal), in the
Cuanza and Namibe Basins (Angola), and the Acre Basin (Brazil).
- To manage short courses for
teachers and industry professionals, respectively, through the coordination of
collaborative activities with external research groups from the University of
Lisbon (Centro de Geologia), University of Salamanca, the University of
Zaragoza and the University of Barcelona (Spain), the Portuguese Nucleus for
Hydrocarbon Exploration of the Geological Survey of Portugal and the
Universities of Sergipe and Acre (Brazil).
- To continue the research on
geological traps for Carbon Storage using the expertise developed during former
hydrocarbon exploration projects.