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GEMF

Grupo de Estudos Monetários e Financeiros

Estudos do GEMF, N.º 04 de 2008

  

A Note on the Determinants and Consequences of Outsourcing

Using German Data

(Publicado em Journal for Labor Market Research 44(3): 231-244, 2011)


John T. Addison
Department of Economics, University of South Carolina (USA), GEMF/University of Coimbra, and IZA Bonn

Lutz Bellmann
Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung der Bundesagentur für Arbeit, Nürnberg (Germany)

André Pahnke
Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung der Bundesagentur für Arbeit, Nürnberg (Germany)

Paulino Teixeira
GEMF and Faculdade de Economia, University of Coimbra

Abstract:
Using German data from the Institute for Employment Research Establishment Panel, this paper constructs two main measures of outsourcing and examines their determinants and consequences for employment. There are some commonalities in the correlates of the two measures of outsourcing, as well as agreement on the absence of adverse employment effects across all industries. For one specification, however, some negative effects are reported for manufacturing industry, balanced by positive effects for the services sector for another. But there are no indications of survival bias. This is because the association between outsourcing and plant closings is predominantly negative, albeit poorly determined.

JEL Classification: F16, J23.

Keywords:
outsourcing, organizational change, employment change, plant closings, value added.

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