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GEMF

Grupo de Estudos Monetários e Financeiros

Estudos do GEMF, N.º 03 de 2014

  

Effects of Taxation on Software Piracy Across the European Union


Nicolas Dias Gomes
Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra e INESC-Coimbra

Pedro André Cerqueira
Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra e GEMF

Luís Alçada Almeida
Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra e INESC-Coimbra

Abstract:
This paper explores the relation between levels of taxation among different types of households in the European Union and the levels of software piracy from 1996 to 2010. It extends previous works introducing a large panel data set for the European Union and it´s different regions. We estimate our model using the fixed effect, comparing results from the Euro Area and the Countries that joined EU in 2004 and 2007. Results show that levels of taxation increase the levels of software piracy losses; moreover these results depend on marital status and number of children. The weight of taxation on GDP, namely the taxes on consumption, have a positive effect on piracy losses while the impact of inflation is negative and marginal. Additional to this we also found that the relative importance of these taxes in relation to total taxation can affect this phenomenon. An increase in the weight of capital taxation would decrease software piracy while this effect was opposite when considering the relative importance of consumption taxes.

JEL Classification: C23, H20, O52.

Keywords: Panel data, personal taxation, software piracy.

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