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GEMF

Grupo de Estudos Monetários e Financeiros

Estudos do GEMF, N.º 07 de 2014

  

The Role of Gender in Promotion and Pay over a Career

(Publicado em Journal of Human Capital 8(3):280-317, 2014.)


John T. Addison

Department of Economics, Moore School of Business, University of South Carolina, Department of Economics and Finance,
Durham University Business School, and GEMF, Universidade de Coimbra

Orgul D. Ozturk
Department of Economics, Moore School of Business, University of South Carolina

Si Wang
Department of Economics, Moore School of Business, University of South Carolina

Abstract:
Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY79), this paper considers the role of gender in promotion and subsequent earnings development and how this evolves over a career. In its use of three career stages, the study builds on earlier work using the NLSY79 that considers gender differences in the early career years alone. The raw data suggest reasonably favorable promotion outcomes for females over a career. But the advantages seem to be confined to less-educated females. And while there are strong returns to education for males through enhanced promotion probability and attendant wage growth in later career this is not the case for females. Although this latter finding is not inconsistent with fertility choices on the part of educated females, choice is seemingly only part of the explanation.


JEL Classification: J16, J31, J51, J62.

Keywords: promotion, earnings, early/mid/peak career, gender, public sector, private sector

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