In this paper
we construct a panel data set from 2000 to 2011 for the EU 28, studying the
impact of education on the levels of software piracy in a country.
aggregated analysis is made, e.g. considering all ISCED (International Standard
Classification of Education) levels, expenditure on public educational
institutions as well as public spending on education have a deterrent effect on
piracy, being significant. However, the effect of financial aid to students is
positive. When the analysis is made taking into account the ISCED 1997
disaggregation, expenditure on ISCED 5-6 has a negative and significant effect.
Taking into account the type of educational institutions, more expenditure on
ISCED 1 to 4 will lower piracy. We also found that more financial help to
students on higher levels of education, e.g. ISCED 5-6, have a positive and
significant effect. Finally, more years of schooling of both primary and
secondary education will have a deterrent effect on software piracy.
JEL Classification: C23, I21, O34.
Keywords: ISCED classification,
Software Piracy, Education.