University History - 13th to 16th century
From its foundation until the end of the 16th century, the University of Coimbra consolidated its position as a centre for the education of the elites of an empire where the sun never set.
Main historic landmarks - 13th to 16th century
1143 (history of Portugal): Afonso Henriques entitles himself King of Portugal. Beginning of the First Portuguese Dynasty (Alphonsine Dynasty or Bourgogne Dynasty).
1179 (history of Portugal): The Papal Bull “Manifestus Probatum” recognises the Kingdom of Portugal.
1290: Creation of the Portuguese General Study by means of the document “Scientiae thesaurus mirabilis” signed by King Dinis (1 March) and confirmed by the bull “De statu regni Portugaliae” issued by Pope Nicholas IV (9 August), which comprised the Faculties of Arts, Canonical Law (Canons), Civil Law (Laws), and Medicine. The University begins its activity in Lisbon.
1308: The General Study is transferred to Coimbra; it is moved back to Lisbon in 1338 and back again to Coimbra in1354; it returns to Lisbon in 1377 and is definitively established in Coimbra in 1537.
1309: The General Study receives its first Statutes with the name of “Charta magna privilegiorum”.
Ca. 1380: Theology, formerly reserved to Dominican and Franciscan convents, becomes part of university education in Portugal.
1385 (history of Portugal): In the wake of the political crisis of 1383-85 (accession crisis involving the King of Castile), King John I is sworn in as king of Portugal in Coimbra. Beginning of the Second Dynasty (Avis Dynasty).
1415 (history of Portugal): Conquest of Ceuta and beginning of the Portuguese expansion overseas.
1537: The University is definitively established in Coimbra. Assumption of Coimbra as the Portuguese university city and beginning of the creation of various colleges in the city.
1544: All the Faculties of the University of Coimbra are assembled in the Páteo das Escolas.
1559 (history of Portugal): A Jesuit university is created in Portugal, the University of Évora (in Alentejo, a province in southern Portugal).
1580 (history of Portugal): Iberian Union and dualist monarchy: Philip II of Spain is crowned king of Portugal as Philip I. Beginning of the Third Dynasty (Philippine Dynasty).
1597: Acquisition of the Paço da Alcáçova from Dom Philip I by the sum of 30,000 cruzados, which was immediately named Paço das Escolas.