University History - 20th and 21st century
In a single century, the worst atrocities and the most relevant technological breakthroughs in the known history of Man take place.
At the University of Coimbra the only Portuguese laureate awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine obtains his Doctorate degree and the first elected President of the Portuguese Republic serves as Rector.
Whilst education was being democratised in Europe and in Portugal, the University of Coimbra reasserted its prestige. This was the result not only of a unique past but also of the thorough and systematic adaptation to a rapidly-changing world.
At present, the University is a true icon of Portugal not only in Europe and in Portuguese-speaking territories and countries, but also in the world.
Main historic landmarks - 20th and 21st century
1910 (history of Portugal): Instauration of the Republican Regime in Portugal (First Republic).
1911: “Republican Statutes”. Dissolution of the Faculty of Theology and creation of the Faculty of Humanities, which receives the professors of the former Faculty. Conjunction of the old Faculties of Mathematics and of Natural Philosophy to give place to the Faculty of Sciences.
1911 (history of Portugal): Decree and promulgation of the Political Constitution of the Portuguese Republic.
1911 (history of Portugal): The Universities of Lisbon and Oporto are created.
1921: Foundation of the Faculty of Pharmacy.
1926 (history of Portugal): Unlawful formation of the Government and beginning of the dictatorship (Second Republic).
1933 (history of Portugal): New Political Constitution of the Portuguese Republic.
1948: Renovation of the Alta Universitária (the upper part of Coimbra where the University campus is sited): Inauguration of the building of the University Archives.
1951: Renovation of the Alta Universitária: Inauguration of the building of the Faculty of Humanities and Astronomic Observatory.
1956: Renovation of the Alta Universitária: Inauguration of the building of the Main Library and the building of the Faculty of Medicine.
1961: Inauguration of the University Stadium complex, on the left bank of the River Mondego.
1969: Renovation of the Alta Universitária: Inauguration of the building designed for the Department of Mathematics. Academic crisis of 1969.
1972: Transformation of the Faculty of Sciences into the Faculty of Science and Technology.
1972: Creation of the Faculty of Economics.
1974 (history of Portugal): Revolution of 25 April, with the overthrowing of the Estado Novo, and establishment of the democratic regime (Third Republic).
1974 (history of Portugal): Portugal recognises the independence of Guinea-Bissau.
1975 (history of Portugal): Independence of Angola, Cape Verde, Mozambique, and São Tomé and Príncipe.
1975: Renovation of the Alta Universitária: Inauguration of the building of the Departments of Physics and Chemistry.
1976 (history of Portugal): The Constitutive Assembly approved and decreed the Constitution of the Portuguese Republic currently in force.
1980: Creation of the Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences.
1987: Transfer of the University Hospitals to their new facilities by the future Health Sciences Campus.
1992: Beginning of the works leading up to the setting up of Campus II of the University of Coimbra.
1997: Creation of the Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education.
2001: initial works at the Health Sciences Campus of the University of Coimbra, to which the Faculty of Medicine as well as the Faculty of Pharmacy and several research centres and units will be transferred.