Recent CeBER research links industrial relations quality to strike reduction
In an article forthcoming in the Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, investigating the relationship between different types of employee workplace representation and strikes in 28 European countries, CeBER researcher Paulino Teixeira, in co-authorship with John T. Addison, conclude that works councils are associated with lower strike activity than union representation. They also find that in situations where union members make up a majority of works councillors any beneficial effect of the entity on strike incidence is no longer evident. Indeed, not only do union-dominated works councils experience greater strike activity than their counterparts with minority union membership, but also more strikes than establishments with union workplace representation where union members are in a minority. Dissonance between the parties, as indexed by degree of divergence between the opinions of employer and employee representative survey respondents as to the state of industrial relations at the workplace, is associated with elevated strike activity. The suggestion therefore is that industrial relations quality may be key to strike reduction independent of workplace representation.
More information: Addison, J., Teixeira, P. (Forthcoming). Strikes, Employee Workplace Representation, Unionism, and Industrial Relations Quality in European Establishments. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization.