ALGO talks with Kathrin Klamroth
On 13 October, Kathrin Klamroth, from University of Wuppertal, German, will give a talk entitled "Multiobjective Optimization Methods for Neural Network Training", @DEI, room A.5.4, 14h00.
The training of neural networks is a topical example of a large-scale optimization problem for which the specification of "the one" optimization goal remains a big challenge. Indeed, classical error functions like, for example, the mean squared error or the cross entropy often lead to overfitting and/or vulnerability to adversarial attacks and data errors. This can partially be explained by the fact that error functions typically ignore relevant optimization criteria such as the robustness of the neural network or its complexity. Particularly network complexity is a pivotal criterion, e.g., in applications with limited hardware resources like autonomous driving. Moreover, reducing the network complexity has a regularizing effect and has proven to reduce potential overfitting in practice. In this talk, we consider the simultaneous optimization of an error function and a regularizing cost function in a truly biobjective model. We consider several algorithmic strategies, including a multiobjective stochastic gradient descent algorithm and a bisection enhanced dichotomic search (BEDS) approach that aims at identifying potential knees of the Pareto front. The methods are combined with a pruning strategy that is completely integrated in the training process and which requires only marginal extra computational cost. This provides a new perspective on automated machine learning, helps to reduce the time-consuming determination of hyperparameters, and thus paves the way for an adaptive decision support tool for preferable network architectures.
A conjoint work with Fabian Heldmann, Malena Reiners, and Michael Stiglmayr
Kathrin Klamroth leads the optimization group at the University of Wuppertal, Germany. The team has a strong research focus on multiple objective optimization, spanning the bridge between discrete and continuous optimization and applications. Kathrin received her PhD at the University of Braunschweig in 1994. In 2002, she attained her Habilitation at the University of Kaiserslautern. After six years at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, she moved to Wuppertal in 2008. Kathrin has been an executive committee member of the International Society on MCDM from 2006-2010 and since 2013. In 2019, Kathrin received the Georg Cantor award of the Society on MCDM.