Vídeo da 3.ª Edição da Cátedra OIT
No passado dia 11 de novembro de 2020, decorreu a 3.ª Edição da Cátedra OIT.
Este ano a sessão decorreu de forma online.
Inequalities at work
In many countries, “vertical” income inequality between top and bottom increased sharply since the 1980s, and inequalities between men and women and between different groups in society diminished only slowly, if at all. The failure to ensure sufficiently inclusive growth has had adverse social and economic consequences even before the pandemic, including deteriorating social cohesion, reduced social mobility, and weaker economic growth. The Covid-19 pandemic has further exposed, and in many cases exacerbated, pre-existing inequalities. In “building back better” after the pandemic, urgent priority should thus be given to strengthen measures and policies to reduce inequalities and ensure a fair share of the fruits of progress to all. While inequalities begin at birth and can be reduced decisively only through a wide range of policies, including access to quality schooling for all and redistribution through taxes and transfers, much can be achieved through a fairer distribution of labour incomes. This, however, can only be achieved through fair and well-functioning labour market institutions. The paper will review in particular the role of minimum wages, collective bargaining, and contractual arrangements. In developing countries, informality is one of the main reasons for very high levels of inequality in labour earnings, and the creation of formal employment is thus of key importance for reducing inequality.
Patrick Belser is a Senior Economist, Wage Specialist, at the International Labour Organisation (ILO) in Geneva. He is the coordinator of the ILO team which provides country-level support to Members on minimum wages and publishes the ILO Global Wage Report, a flagship report of the ILO published every two years since 2008. Previously, he worked at the ILO on issues of forced labour and human trafficking. He holds a D.Phil. in economics from the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) at the University of Sussex (U.K.) and also studied at the Graduate Institute for International Studies in Geneva (Switzerland) and at Columbia University in New York (U.S.A). He has published several articles and book chapters on minimum wages, forced labour, and human trafficking.
The care economy
This webinar takes a comprehensive look at unpaid and paid care work and its relationship with the changing world of work. It analyses the ways in which unpaid care work is recognized and organized, the extent and quality of care jobs and their impact on the well-being of individuals, parents and society. In the context of COVID-19, many countries have sought to reduce the increased unpaid care work pressure on persons with family responsibilities by, for example, extending the duration of parental leave or providing the financial means to allow both wage earners and the self-employed to pay for care services. It is important that the new normal offers both women and men equal opportunities in the labour market. To this end, transformative care policies should be promoted. The webinar will show the importance of investing in transformative care policies for promoting the recognition of the value of unpaid care work, the reduction of the drudgery and the redistribution of care responsibilities between women and men, and between households and the State.
Umberto Cattaneo is an Economist in the Gender, Equality and Diversity and ILOAIDS Branch of the of the Conditions of Work and Equality Department of the ILO. Umberto has recently authored the ILO centenary report on gender equality “A quantum leap for gender equality: for a better future of work for all”, which highlights key gender gaps and obstacles to decent work for women and provides a direction regarding the measures that can, and should, be taken to seize emerging opportunities in the labour markets. Umberto has also authored the major ILO report on the care economy “Care work and care jobs for the future of decent work”, which takes a comprehensive look at unpaid and paid care work and its relationship with changing world of work. More recently, Umberto authored the ILO “Indigenous Peoples Report”, which highlights the critical role played by Convention No. 169 and presents the social and economic situation of indigenous women and men by looking at key aspects such as population, employment, poverty and public policies. Prior joining the ILO, Umberto worked on female poverty for the World Bank Office of the Chief Economist for the Africa Region. Umberto has studied in several universities, including the School of Oriental and African Studies, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Université Libre de Bruxelles and obtained his PhD in Economics from the University of Genoa in Italy.
Mais informações sobre a Cátedra OIT em: https://www.uc.pt/feuc/eea/catedra_oit