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Grupo de Estudos Monetários e Financeiros

Estudos do GEMF, N.º 20 de 2010


How Does Schumpeterian Creative Destruction Lead to Higher Productivity?

 The Effects of Firms’ Entry

Carlos Carreira
GEMF / Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra

Paulino Teixeira
GEMF / Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra

This paper discusses the impact of newly created firms on industry productivity growth. Our central hypothesis is that there are two potential effects of new firms on productivity growth: a direct effect, as entrants may be relatively more productive than established firms; and an indirect effect, through increased competitive pressure that stimulates incumbents to elevate their productivity in order to survive. The results of the decomposition exercise of aggregate productivity growth suggest that the direct contribution of entry is small. In turn, the regression analysis on the effect of entry on productivity growth of incumbents indicates that the higher is the former, the higher is the latter, which is equivalent to say that the greater is the competitive pressure generated by new entrants, the higher is the expected aggregate productivity level.

JEL Classification: L11, L16, L25, O12, O47, L60.

Keywords: Entry, Firm dynamics, Productivity growth, Competition effect.

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