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Grupo de Estudos Monetários e Financeiros

Estudos do GEMF, N.º 18 de 2014


The Public Finance and the Economic Growth in the First Portuguese Republic

(Publicado em Economic Analysis 47(1-2): 59-75, 2014)

Nuno Ferraz Martins
Conselheiro no Parlamento e Estudante de Doutoramento ISEG

António Portugal Duarte
Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra e GEMF

The end of the 19th century was marked by several events which were extremely important to Portugal. The consequences of these events would later be responsible for the fall of the Monarchy and, thus, for the birth of the Republic. The first Republic was officially proclaimed on the 5th October 1910, and had a relatively short lifetime. This regime was later abolished by a military dictatorship. During most of its duration, the First Republic was marked by economic, financial, political and social instability. However, the Portuguese economic scenario started to change and improved by the end of this regime and, consequently, before the beginning of the Military Dictatorship, which ended up taking advantage of the ‘new’ and more favourable economic situation of the country. Additionally we find evidence that in the first two civil years of the Military Dictatorship, the real GDP grew sharply and above our prediction, and the public debt as percentage of GDP, had a more significant reduction then predicted.

JEL Classification: C01, H63, N13, O11.

Keywords: Economic growth, First Republic, Public finance, Portugal.

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