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Grupo de Estudos Monetários e Financeiros

Estudos do GEMF, N.º 07 de 2015


Education and Software Piracy in the European Union

Nicolas Dias Gomes
Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra

Pedro André Cerqueira
Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra e GEMF

Luís Alçada-Almeida
Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra e INESC-Coimbra


In this paper we construct a panel data set from 2000 to 2011 for the EU 28, studying the impact of education on the levels of software piracy in a country.
When an aggregated analysis is made, e.g. considering all ISCED (International Standard Classification of Education) levels, expenditure on public educational institutions as well as public spending on education have a deterrent effect on piracy, being significant. However, the effect of financial aid to students is positive. When the analysis is made taking into account the ISCED 1997 disaggregation, expenditure on ISCED 5-6 has a negative and significant effect. Taking into account the type of educational institutions, more expenditure on ISCED 1 to 4 will lower piracy. We also found that more financial help to students on higher levels of education, e.g. ISCED 5-6, have a positive and significant effect. Finally, more years of schooling of both primary and secondary education will have a deterrent effect on software piracy.

JEL Classification: C23, I21, O34.

Keywords: ISCED classification, Software Piracy, Education.

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